Jorge Guerra González
Infection Risk and Limitation of Fundamental Rights by Animal-To-Human Transplantations
EU, Spanish and German Law with Special Consideration of English Law
Medizinrecht in Forschung und Praxis, Band 21
Hamburg 2010, 134 Seiten
Biomedizin, Ebola, Gefahrenabwehr, Gesundheitswissenschaft, Grippe, Grundrechte, Grundrechtsbeschränkung, HIV, Infektionskrankheiten, Infektionsrisiko, Infektionsschutz, Influenza, Medizin, Medizinrecht, Rechtswissenschaft, Risikomanagement, Risikovermeidung, Transplantat, Viren, Xenotransplantation, Xenozoonose, Zoonose
Animal-to-human transplantation (xenotransplantation) is a viable hope for the health and even the lives of thousands of people. However, the therapy involves many ethical and legal problems, the most significant of them being the xenogeneic infection risk. It concerns the development and transmission of new diseases derived from animals. This is a real possibility that cannot be ruled out, considering that AIDS, Ebola, or the A(H1N1) influenza are all human diseases of animal origin.
This legal report shows ways to face such risks, mainly regarding the graft recipients. The points of view of the Spanish, German, and English legal systems are analysed, as well as the context of EU Law. The background consists of a cardinal subject: the conflict between the interests of the individual and of society, i.e. when and how the state is allowed to constrain fundamental rights in order to protect public health from infection risks.
The relevance of this analysis goes beyond the limits of xenoÂtransÂplantation, and it will gain further importance with future developments.
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